Zanzibar is part of the United Republic of Tanzania. It consists of the Zanzibar Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, 25-50 km (15-30 mi) off the coast of the mainland. There are numerous small islands and two large ones: Unguja (the main island, informally referred to as “Zanzibar”), and Pemba. Zanzibar was once a separate state with a long trading history within the Arab world; it united with Tanganyika to form Tanzania in 1964, and still enjoys a high degree of autonomy within the union. The capital of Zanzibar, located on the island of Unguja, is Stone Town, is a World Heritage Site.
Zanzibar’s main industries are spices (spice tour), raffia, and tourism. It is still sometimes referred to as the Spice Islands (a term also associated with the Maluku Islands in Indonesia), because of the significance of its production of cloves, of which it used to be the world leader, and also nutmeg, cinnamon and pepper. The ecology is of note for being the home of the endemic Zanzibar Red Colobus and the elusive Zanzibar Leopard, which has been extinct since the 60’s.
PLEASE NOTE: Zanzibar falls within a malaria area and your health practitioner should be consulted prior to your visit. It is also important to note that some source countries require that citizens are vaccinated against yellow fever before travelling to Zanzibar, and where this is the case, immigration authorities will require your vaccination certificate upon your return.